back to homepageback to homepage

South Moravia – Palaeolithic, early medieval, Roman period

3 days excursions

3 days excursions before and after the congress will have the same content. Excursions are not included in the congress registration fee. Registration for all excursions will be available in the online registration form at the congress website.
 
  • 3. – 5. 7. 2020
  • 11. – 13. 7. 2020

1st day

2nd day

3rd day

  Anthropos  

Palaeolithic

Great Moravia Memorial

Early Medieval Pavlov Archeopark Palaeolithic

The Kůlna cave

Palaeolithic

Uherské Hradiště-Sady

Early Medieval

Dolní Věstonice – Calendar of Ages

Palaeolithic

 

 

Slavic fortified settlement in Mikulčice

Early Medieval

The Mikulov Chateau

Roman Period

 

 

Pohansko near Břeclav

Early Medieval    

 

Anthropos

The Anthropos Pavilion was built in 1962 for the exhibition of the same name created by Prof. Karel Absolon in 1928 and situated originally at Brno exhibition ground. Absolon’s Anthropos was part of his project to establish an international institute researching the origins of man and his culture. The building underwent a complex renovation in 2006.

The permanent exhibition on the oldest history of the settlement in Moravia as well as on the whole European continent consists of three parts created by our outstanding specialists: "Moravian Hunters and Gatherers", "The oldest Art of Europe" (author of the script M. Oliva) and "Palaeolithic Technologies" (authors Z. and P. Neruda). The second part brings up-to-date discoveries concerning the evolution of man and the beginnings of his culture: "Genetics in the Evolution of Man" (J. Sekerák), "The Story of Mankind" (Z. Šmahel, M. Dočkalová) complemented with the presentation of the behaviour of man's next relatives - primates, shown in the section "Cousins or Brothers? - Ethology of Primates" (V. Vančata). The new permanent exhibition presents up-to-date discoveries from the field of archaeology, anthropology, genetics etc., and proposes interactive presentations using modern audio-visual techniques; it also contains several dioramas and reconstructions of the environment and life of Palaeolithic hunters and gatherers.

Anthropos website here

 

The Kůlna cave

All over the world, the massive portals of cave entrances were used as prehistoric human settlements. There are several such caves in the Moravian Karst area.

The tunnel cave ruin called Kůlna is one of the most important. In the 18th century, extensive archaeological research was carried out by the scientist Dr. Martin Kříž. Up to 15 metres of cultural layers of sediment have been uncovered so far, thus a unique archaeological profile with human remains and the evidence of human activity in several important time periods came into being. The oldest archaeological evidence is comprised of stone tools with the estimated age of 120,000 years. The Kůlna Cave was then used by humans in different climatic periods.

Stone tools, animal bones and the skeletal remains of Neanderthal man were found in large quantities in the 50,000-year-old layer. They are parts of the upper jaw and a skull of a juvenile individual.

After the departure of the Neanderthals, the Kůlna Cave was settled several times by modern humans from the Upper Palaeolithic Era. They were mammoth hunters 22,000 years ago and reindeer and horse hunters between 13,000 and 10,000 years ago.

The Kůlna Cave was settled during the Bronze Age. The bronze artefacts dating back to the 9th–8th centuries BC were found in the sediments. The Kůlna Cave was partly damaged during World War II when it served as a factory for aircraft engines. After the war the archaeological research continued and valuable profiles were renewed.

The Kůlna Cave is one of the most important archaeological sites in the world.

The Kůlna Cave website here

Great Moravia Memorial

Great Moravia Memorial in Staré Město -„Na Valách“ was built above the foundations of a church from the 9th century unearthed by archaeologist Vilém Hrubý in 1949. In Great Moravia’s times the church was surrounded by an extensive burial site with graves of noblemen containing lots of weapons and jewels and also graves of poor people, craftsmen and farmers. So far over 2,000 graves have been scrutinized which makes the burial site „Na Valách“ the most extensive necropolis of Great Moravia. Some of the graves close to the foundations of the then church are preserved in their original locations.

Great Moravia Memorial website here

Slavic fortified settlement in Mikulčice

The major Great Moravian stronghold of Valy near Mikulčice was the early medieval agglomeration of western Slavs located in South Moravia by the River Morava near the Czech-Slovak state border. In the ninth century, it was one of the most important centre associated with the then ruling Moymirid dynasty and as well with the spread of Christianity. This is evidenced by the discovery of 10 churches (one of them, Church of St Margaret of Antioch at Kopčany, is still standing) with large cemeteries equipped with rich grave goods. The stronghold ceased to exist in the beginning of the tenth century and was never rebuilt again. The site, due to the excellent state of preservation, represents a great example of an early medieval Slavonic centre. Moreover, from the early medieval sites north of the Middle Danube River, Mikulčice stands out because of the large number of preserved wooden finds.  The national cultural monument ‘Slavonic stronghold at Mikulčice,’ also part of the Archaeological Park Mikulčice-Kopčany, is a well-known site thanks to the continuous research which takes place for more than 65 years. Nowadays in the area of the former Slavonic stronghold, there is a museum and old archaeological base. The new archaeological base of Institute of Archaeology of the Czech Academy of Sciences in Brno is situated in the area called Trapíkov, ca. 1 km away from the actual Mikulčice site.

Slavic fortified settlement in Mikulčice website here

Pohansko near Břeclav

Pohansko near Břeclav is a large Slavonic hillfort from 9th century. It’s situated in the south-eastern part of the Czech Republic, in the vicinity of the confluence of the rivers Morava and Dyje, near the Czech-Austrian borders. Archaeological research and excavations have been conducted in this area since 1958 by the Department of Archaeology and Muselogy, Faculty of Arts, Masaryk University in Brno. Pohansko can be considered one of the most important monuments of the early middle-ages not only in Czech Republic, but also in the whole Central Europe. Excavations uncovered many scattered archaeological findings from various periods of prehistorical age, but the main and continuous settlement there can be dated between 6th and 10th centuries, the time of the Slavonic expansion.

Pohansko near Břeclav website here

Pavlov Archeopark

The site of Pavlov I represents one of the most significant Palaeolithic sites in the world and, together with the nearby Dolní Věstonice I site, ranks among the most important settlements of the Gravettian period. Uncovered dense network of fireplaces and traces of dwellings and workshops point to a settlement of a central character, dated to the period around 30 thousand years BP. The intensively inhabited settlement provides the evidence on mammoth hunting and a variety of human activities from everyday routines, through artworks to unknown rituals. They are documented by skeletal remains of game animals, paleoanthropological findings and a huge amount of finding material including stone and bone artefacts as well as decorative and art objects. Most prominent artefacts can be seen in the Archeopark Pavlov, which was built in 2016 directly over the actual Palaeolithic site.

Pavlov Archeopark website here

Dolní Věstonice – Calendar of Ages

The "Calendar of Ages" site, situated at the eastern edge of the Dolní Věstonice village, represents one of the most important geological sites in South Moravia. In the section of the clay pit in the former brickyard, the geological layers from the last interglacial and glacial period are preserved. They encompasses more than 110 thousand years of unstable development of nature and the climate. The most notable layers of fine-grained calcareous loess, which were deposited during the extremely cold and dry periods, are interrupted by soil horizons from humid and warmer periods. Preserved layer of the Gravettian settlement, representing the lowest part of Dolní Věstonice II site, is also included there.

Dolní Věstonice – Calendar of Ages webiste here

The Mikulov Chateau

Exhibition „The Romans and the Germans in the Region Under Pálava“
The exhibition "The Romans and Germans in the Region Under Pálava" is located in the cellars of the chateau, that were previously not accessible to the public, and shows the life in Moravia in the first centuries after Christ, based on archaeological findings. Its first part shows various products of Roman workshops that illustrate the Roman culture. Various items found in former Roman military camps in this area, are presented, too. This part of the exhibition also shows a reconstructed underfloor heating - the so called "hypocaust". The second part presents findings that document the culture of the local population, the Germanic tribe Suebis, who lived on this territory during times of the Roman occupation. Various objects of everyday needs, such as ceramic vessels, bone combs, needles, buckles, and more are shown as a part of an idealized reconstruction of a Suebi cottage, or in the numerous showcases. Two reconstructed graves with burial artefacts found in Mikulov burial grounds show how the Germans buried their dead. The showcases hold typical items that were usually placed into urn graves, such as pottery, weapons, knives, buckles, glass beads, and others. The highlight of the whole exhibition is a display of a unique set of findings from the tomb of the German Prince, who probably lived in the 2nd century after Christ. The tomb was discovered near the Mušov village in the 1980s. The grave is one of the richest grave findings in our country. It contained a variety of gilded belt fittings, weapons, and Roman vessels made of bronze, glass and ceramics. It is exceptional not just for the quantity of Roman objects found inside, but also for the high quality of the German items which prove the high level of the German craftsmen.

The Mikulov Chateau website here

CONGRESS SECRETARIAT
GUARANT International spol. s r. o.
Na Pankráci 17, 140 21  Prague 4
Czech Republic
Phone: +420 284 001 444, Fax: +420 284 001 448
E-mail: wac-9@guarant.cz



© 2018–2019 GUARANT International spol. s r. o.